Gone are the days when design was a matter of choice. Nowadays whenever you walk into any type of space, you have a certain expectation. Especially about how it ought to look, what ambiance it should have and so on. That means, interior design basics are a necessity anywhere you go.
And that is why you want your space to work that magic. If you look around, there are many people who don’t have professional training, but they acquire interior design basics by their own. And it naturally reflects in their homes, offices or other spaces they deal with.
Eye pleasing places are often soul soothing as well! So what all can you work with to make it happen?
What are these Interior Design basics?
To begin with, if you look around in your room, you find certain backgrounds. These are the canvases on which you work. Now, when you start redoing your room, it is always better to know what you want out of it.
For example, you may be a fan of wood, so you may want your room to relate to it. Or it could be a particular color or pattern or anything else. Here you want to develop the looks in a way that connect to your theme. And it is exactly where the interior design basics come to play.
Interior design basics : The floor
The floor is a huge expanse which you may model to catch or to not catch the attention of your visitors. So, depending on the items you need to put over your floor, you can effectively add the design touches.
There are many flooring materials that are available in the market these days. Some of these include wooden laminates, solid wood flooring strips, vitrified tiles, ceramic tiles, PVC tiles, carpets, rugs, liquid flooring, natural stones etc.
While rough looks demand textures, plain elements give a smooth feel. A lot of design and color on floor may create a lot of vibrancy. So try to balance it with toned down walls and furnishings.
Having said so, there are many people who select such vibrant floors. Well, you have your interior design basics right, it works quite beautifully.
Interior design basics : The ceiling
Ceilings have a very important work in a room- they play a big role in reflecting the lights from various sources. So apart from increasing the visibility, they also educe the need of artificial light sources.
That doesn’t mean that your ceilings have to be the plain old boring white one. To begin with, there is a true ceiling and then a false ceiling.
Now, a true ceiling is very much an integral part of the main structure. It is permanent in nature and it continues with the main building. And a false ceiling is something that you add beneath the true one. Although it reduces the room volume and decreases the ceiling height, but it is a wonderful light and design element.
So we have a lot of companies that deal with false ceiling designs and materials. You can select from Gypsum, acoustic tiles, plywood, Insuboard, glass tiles and more. It all depends on your budget and requirements.
Another attractive feature that these ceilings can have are cove lights. These lights are excellent ambiance sources. Also, you can combine materials in your designs to create amazing looks!
Interior design basics : Walls
Generally, a typical room has four walls. Out of these, you may use one or two for furniture lining. Then, there are components like windows and doors. The aim of using interior design basics in walls is to create a visual balance while adding charms to the space.
So you have to create a balance between colors and patterns. Big patterns make the space look smaller than it is. Plus, vertical lines create an illusion of increased ceiling light, whereas horizontal lines make the walls appear wider. Also,you have to take care of light effects on these.
There are many materials that you can use on walls. Using interior design basics and ideas, use paints, wallpapers, tapestries, stickers, wall arts, wall paints, wall washers, wall panels, wall cladding and more.
When it comes to walls, you also have to consider whether a given wall is an interior element or an exterior. That also influences your choice of materials, designs and lights.
Interior Design basics : Furniture
When it comes to selecting furniture in a space, the major decisive factor is the use of that space. And that is why furniture are specific to the function that you carry out.
However, when it comes to design, your selection speaks your taste. Sleek lines, defined shapes and plane surfaces speak of minimalism. And traditional or classical style relies on a lot of wood carving, wood work- basically a lot of bulk and opulence in the work details.
Again, lighter, plain colors are associated with modern and minimalist furniture. While colorful, patterned fabrics usually adorn traditional furniture elements.
Materials like metal, steel, leather, rexin etc relate to modern and minimalist styles. However, traditional designs have a lot of bulk especially in wood and upholstery.
And then there are the no man’s land materials that you can cleverly use (besides many varieties of wood)- bamboo, rattan, plastic, acrylic, concrete etc.
Interior Design Basics : Soft furnishings
Curtains, rugs, carpets, cushions, bed spreads, table linen etc are the fabric items that you can use to increase the aesthetic value of a space. While selecting these, focus on the area, light requirement and MAINTENANCE. Yes, maintenance and care of soft furnishings is critical in long term use.
When it comes to curtains, you have pleated curtains, pleat curtains, cafe, cottage, valance, pelmet, layer, eyelet, loop and more. Another option for windows are the blinds. These are available in many options- Roman, vertical, Venetian, roller, shadow glide etc.
Carpets come in all sorts of prices, sizes and cater to various uses. Persian carpets are the most luxurious. Others include Moroccan, Turkish, Indian, Pakistani, Finnish and Oriental ones.
Rugs are great to define areas and are easier to maintain. Area rugs, accent rugs, mats and Dhurries add beauty to an otherwise dull floor.
These are just what they are- interior design basics. If you want to learn further, more than just decoration, then enroll into an Interior design course. It not only adds professional touch to your works, but also adds significantly to your knowledge about the details.